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"How are values formed?Why do negative behaviors affect organizational success?" Unit2 Discussion Forum, BUS 5113: Organizational Theory and Behavior (University of the People)

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Unit 2 Discussion Forum, 2020 Term2, University of the People

In the study of human behaviors, organizational leaders must understand concepts such as values, attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors of people. The objective is to align their thoughts, emotions, and competencies with organizational success. We often ask why people do things the way they do or behave in a certain way. Research these attributes and provide references. 

Address the following questions: 

  1. How are values formed? How do they influence our attitudes toward work and others?

  2. In the workers’ perspective, why are perceptions their reality?

  3. Why do negative behaviors affect organizational success?

  4. What can organizational leaders do to foster a positive work environment?

University of the People

 

 

Drafting and Editing: 7 hours (266 words)

Grade: 8.25/10

 

  1. How are values formed? How do they influence our attitudes toward work and others?

Values are formed of experiences with people and schools, religious organizations, and social groups in society (Hiriyappa, 2008). Behaviors are manifestations of our values, or attitudes that may lead to positive or negative behaviors toward work and others (McLeod, 2018).

 

  1. In the workers’ perspective, why are perceptions their reality?

Each of us has a different process of perception, so each perception is a reality for him/her. People may form different impressions of the same person performing the same behavior. (Stangor, n.d.). “To every experience, each of us brings our schemas attitudes, and expectations. The process of interpretation guarantees that we will not all form the same impression of the people that we see“ (Plaks, Levy, & Dweck, 2009).

 

  1. Why do negative behaviors affect organizational success?

Behavior can affect an employee's job performance, so negative behaviors affect organizational success. For example, bullying behaviors cause problems for coworkers. “Coworkers may stop suggesting ideas or, they may challenge the domineering one, causing drama that makes it difficult to work efficiently” (Mayhew, 2018).

 

  1. What can organizational leaders do to foster a positive work environment?

Organizational leaders should prevent gossiping by workers to foster a positive work environment. Based on the above research, the reality is different depending on our perceptions’ way, and our perceptions are not always right. Therefore, gossiping or speaking ill of others is just wasting time, and “talking about each other creates hurt feelings and misunderstandings” (Mayhew, 2018). Also, the leaders can make workers understand the idea about perceptions.

 

References

Robbins, S. P. (2001). Organizational behavior, 9th ed. Prentice-Hall.

Mayhew, R. (2018). How does behavior affect work performance? Bizfluent. Retrieved from https://bizfluent.com/info-8617280-behavior-affect-work-performance.html

Hiriyappa, B. (2008). Organizational behavior. ProQuest Ebook Central Retrieved from https://ebookcentral.proquest.com

Stangor, C. (n.d.). Perceiving others. In Principles of social psychology (1st ed.). Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Retrieved from https://opentextbc.ca/socialpsychology/part/chapter-6-perceiving-others/#navigation